Decimal, binary and hex representations

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When working with any kind of digital system in which numbers are being represented, it is important to understand the different ways numbers are represented in these systems.

In electronics, almost without fail, numbers are represented by two voltage levels which can represent a one or a zero. The number system based on ones and zeroes is called the binary system: because there are only two possible digits. In HTML programming, colors can be represented by a 6-digit hexadecimal number: FFFFFF represents white whereas 000000 represents black.

Downloading and installing Node.js and NPM

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NPM stands for Node Package Manager, which is an application and repository for developing and sharing JavaScript code. To publish and install packages to and from the public NPM registry or a private NPM registry, you must install Node.js and the NPM command line interface using either a Node version manager or a Node installer.