Swap space is the area on a hard disk. It holds memory pages that are temporarily inactive. Swap space is used when your operating system decides that it needs physical memory for active processes and the amount of unused physical memory is insufficient. When this happens, inactive pages from the physical memory are then moved into the swap space, freeing up that physical memory for other uses.
Redis is an open-source in-memory key-value data store. It can be used as a database, cache, message broker and supports various data structures such as Strings, Hashes, Lists, Sets, etc... Apart from its performance and flexibility, Redis stands out with its wide language support, high availability, and automatic partitioning.