Nginx with PHP8.1 FPM on Ubuntu 20.04

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PHP is a general-purpose scripting language geared towards web development. PHP code is usually processed on a web server by a PHP interpreter implemented as a module, a daemon or as a Common Gateway Interface (CGI) executable.

By default Nginx is not capable of processing dynamic web pages with PHP so it requires the use of specific additional plugins for this purpose. One of these plugins is FPM (FastCGI Process Manager). FPM is an alternative PHP FastCGI implementation with some additional features (mostly) useful for heavy-loaded sites. It is the preferred method of processing PHP pages with Nginx and is faster than traditional CGI based methods.

Install and configure Nginx on Ubuntu

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Nginx is open source software for web serving, reverse proxying, caching, load balancing, media streaming, and more. It started out as a web server designed for maximum performance and stability. In addition to its HTTP server capabilities, Nginx can also function as a proxy server for email (IMAP, POP3, and SMTP) and a reverse proxy and load balancer for HTTP, TCP, and UDP servers.

How to setup Apache Virtual Hosts

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An Apache web server can host multiple websites on the SAME server. You do not need separate server machine and Apache for each website. This can be achieved using the concept of Virtual Host or VHost.
Any domain that you want to host on your web server will have a separate entry in Apache configuration file.

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Install and configure Apache on Ubuntu

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Apache or Apache HTTP server is a free and open source web server, developed and maintained by the Apache Software Foundation. It is one of the most popular web servers in the world. Apache allows website developers to serve their content over the web and provides many powerful features that can be extended through additional modules.

How to setup Nginx server blocks (virtual hosts)

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Nginx logically divides the configurations in order to serve different content into blocks. A server block is a subset of Nginx’s configuration that defines a virtual server used to handle requests of a defined type. Administrators often configure multiple server blocks and decide which block should handle which connection based on the requested domain name, port and IP address.

How to install PHP-FPM on Ubuntu

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By default Nginx is not capable of processing dynamic web pages with PHP so it requires the use of specific additional plugins for this purpose. One of these plugins is FPM (FastCGI Process Manager). FPM is an alternative PHP FastCGI implementation with some additional features (mostly) useful for heavy-loaded sites. It is the preferred method of processing PHP pages with Nginx and is faster than traditional CGI based methods.